Over the past four years, many of us have thought that the failure of this venture could be based on one word: Trump,” Kerry said at an event Friday marking his return to Paris. “But the international climate regime is still in place.” While emissions from factories, planes and cars have fallen sharply globally over the past year due to pandemic-related lockdowns, there are already signs of a comeback that could exceed agreed temperature limits and trigger a worsening of heat waves, floods, storms and social unrest. The narrowing window of opportunity to avoid a climate collapse means there is only a brief jubilation over the return of the United States, the world`s second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases. “I think he`s doing everything he can within his current authority,” Gerrard said. “But it will be very difficult to achieve zero carbon by 2035 and net zero emissions by 2050. The executive will give us a good way to get there, but will not cross the finish line. In an effort to show climate solidarity with European partners and other allies, Kerry is also attending a special session of the Munich Security Conference and a virtual reception on the occasion of the RETURN of the United States, hosted by the EU delegation and the embassies of the United Kingdom, Italy, France and Chile. He will answer questions on climate diplomacy at another event with the British and Italian ambassadors. How Biden will try to achieve these goals is an open question. However, efforts are likely to involve a combination of regulations to adopt stricter emission limits for vehicles, power plants and industry; incentives to move the U.S. faster to electric cars and renewables; and perhaps a market-based mechanism to force a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions, such as a carbon tax or a levy or emissions trading scheme, people familiar with the Biden administration`s considerations said. The NRDC is working to make the Global Climate Action Summit a success by encouraging more ambitious commitments to the historic 2015 agreement and initiatives to reduce pollution.
In the coming months, the Biden administration is also set to develop a new emissions reduction target, known as the Nationally Determined Contribution, which will determine the scope of the country`s ambitious targets over the next decade. Under the Paris Agreement, the commitments, which are reviewed every five years, are not binding, although other parts of the agreement do. It is rare that there is consensus among almost all nations on a single issue. But with the Paris Agreement, world leaders agreed that climate change is driven by human behavior, that it poses a threat to the environment and all of humanity, and that global action is needed to stop it. A clear framework has also been put in place for all countries to make commitments to reduce emissions and strengthen these measures over time. Here are some key reasons why the deal is so important: A coalition of nearly 200 environmental and humanitarian groups has called on the Biden administration to go far beyond the largely symbolic act of taking back the Paris Agreement by contributing billions of dollars to defend the poorest countries vulnerable to climate impacts and lead “through actions rather than words.” John Kerry made a remark when the United States officially returned to the climate agreement on Friday, 107 days after his departure under Donald Trump: “We have done very hard to encourage countries to increase their ambitions and join the Paris Agreement, and we have negotiated this agreement diligently and in good faith,” she said. “But because of the Trump administration, the United States has literally distanced itself from the Paris Agreement, failing to meet any of its commitments on climate finance or domestic measures. So we are not entering foreign policy in a position of strength at the moment. The most important step for me is an intensive domestic political effort and putting our own house in order, which would put us in a much better position in terms of climate policy.
Currently, 197 countries – every nation on earth, the last signatory being war-torn Syria – have adopted the Paris Agreement. Of these, 179 have solidified their climate proposals with formal approval – including the US for now. The only major emitting countries that have not yet officially joined the deal are Russia, Turkey and Iran. “It is not enough for the United States to return to Paris. We need to start reducing our emissions so that we can put pressure on countries like China, whose emissions continue to grow,” said Paul Bledsoe, climate adviser in the Clinton administration, strategic adviser at the Progressive Policy Institute, a nonprofit advocacy group. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which sets legally binding emission reduction targets (as well as sanctions for non-compliance) only for developed countries, the Paris Agreement requires all countries – rich, poor, developed and developed – to do their part and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. .